A snapshot of the readiness for e-learning among in-service teachers prior to the pandemic-related transition to e-learning in Turkey


Teaching and Teacher Education, vol.107, 2021 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tate.2021.103478
  • Journal Name: Teaching and Teacher Education
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, IBZ Online, Periodicals Index Online, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index
  • Keywords: COVID-19, E-learning, E-learning readiness, K-12 teachers, Teacher competencies
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


Owing to the coronavirus outbreak, face-to-face educational activities have been curtailed and there has been a rapid switch to e-learning environments. It is a matter of critical importance; therefore, how ready teachers are for this transition. This study presents a snapshot of the readiness of Turkey's in-service teachers for teaching online. Some 555 teachers, from pre-school to high school, participated in the study. The results indicated a medium-level of e-learning readiness and a pressing need for the appropriate training. Teachers' readiness differed significantly according to gender, major, school-type, professional experience, teaching level, e-learning experience and Internet usage.