Influence of post-deposition annealing on the structural and optical properties of γ-MnS thin film


Optik, vol.164, pp.78-83, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 164
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2018.02.118
  • Journal Name: Optik
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.78-83
  • Keywords: Annealing, MnS, Optical properties, Structural properties, Thin film
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


γ-MnS thin film was deposited at 40 °C temperature on glass substrate by Chemical Bath Deposition (CBD) method that has superior advantageous in terms of fast and cheap production. MnS thin film was annealed in nitrogen atmosphere at temperatures 100, 200, 300, 400, 500 °C for an hour. The effect of annealing temperature on structural and optical properties have been investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that gamma-MnS thin film had the phase change and oxidized at 400, 500 °C annealing temperature. The grain size of the annealed film was calculated between 241 and 280 Å as a function of annealing temperature. It was observed that optical transmission values decreased at wavelength of 400–700 nm (visible region) after annealing at temperatures 400 and 500 °C. Increasing annealing temperature induces reduction in energy band gap values from 3.89 eV down to 3.46 eV. Refractive index (n) values were calculated by envelope method. Refractive index values at visible region increased from 2.03 to 2.54 with increasing annealing temperature.