A comparison of a blower and a Venturi aeration system in a submerged membrane bioreactor

Kayaalp N., Ozturkmen G., GÜL E., Gunay E.

Desalination and Water Treatment, vol.69, pp.109-115, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.5004/dwt.2017.20243
  • Journal Name: Desalination and Water Treatment
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.109-115
  • Keywords: Aeration, Membrane bioreactor (MBR), Membrane fouling, Venturi device, Wastewater treatment
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: No


A novel aeration method for submerged membrane bioreactors (MBR) was developed in this study. This method uses a Venturi injector to supply the air to the MBR. Short term experiments were performed to determine the technical applicability of integrating a venturi device into a submerged MBR. A flat–sheet, 0.1–µm polyvinylidene fluoride membrane was used to operate the MBR. Real wastewater taken from Diyarbakir Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant was used as feed. Membrane fouling was evaluated under three different fluxes (18, 32, and 50 L/m2 · h) and 3 L/min aeration rate for both blower- and venturi-aerated MBR systems. Transmembrane pressure (TMP), chemical oxygen demand (COD), mixed liquor suspended solids, mixed liquor volatile suspended solids, pH, dissolved oxygen, and temperature were measured in the experimental setup. The COD removal rate was between 75–92% for blower system and 85–87% for venturi system. Effluent NH4–N concentration was between 0.0–14.7 mg/L for blower system and 0.0–0.7 for venturi system. While the effluent NO3–N was between 3.1–27.4 mg/L for blower system, it was 33.3–37.8 mg/L for venturi system. At 3 L/min aeration rate, the dissolved oxygen concentration in MBR was between 0.42–3.43 mg/L for blower–aerated system and between 6.43–7.07 mg/L for venturi–aerated system. TMP development at different fluxes in blower and venturi systems showed that integration of a venturi device with a submerged MBR improved filtration capacity significantly. The rate of TMP increase in blower–aerated system was higher than that of venturi–aerated system at the same aeration rate of 3 L/min for both systems. At the highest filtration flux tested (50 L/m2 · h), venturi–aerated system operated three times longer than the blower system.