Aerodynamic investigation of the start-up process of H-type vertical axis wind turbines using CFD

Celik Y., Ma L., Ingham D., Pourkashanian M.

Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol.204, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 204
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104252
  • Journal Name: Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Aerodynamics, Blade number, CFD, Moment of inertia, Self-starting, Vertical axis wind turbine
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: No


In this study, a CFD start-up model has been built after conducting the sensitivity studies to evaluate the self-starting behaviour of the H-type vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs). The self-starting behaviour of a well-investigated VAWT is used for the model validation, and then the details of aerodynamics of the start-up process have been examined. Finally, the effect of the moment of inertia and the blade number on the aerodynamic behaviour of the self-starting and power performance of the H-type VAWT are analysed. It has been found that in the critical region, where TSR<1, the contribution of the drag to the torque generation plays a significant role in the second and third quarters of the rotor revolution, where the azimuthal position varies between 100° and 253°. The results also show that increasing the turbine inertia did not show a noticeable effect on the start-up behaviour of the turbine and final rotational speed. However, an increase in the instantaneous turbine power during the start-up process after the optimum TSR is observed with decreasing the turbine inertia. The current findings also show that an increase in the blade number makes the turbine easier to start-up; however, this may reduce the turbine power coefficient.