The effect of childrens' eating behaviors and parental feeding style on childhood obesity

Demir D., BEKTAŞ M.

Eating Behaviors, vol.26, pp.137-142, 2017 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2017.03.004
  • Journal Name: Eating Behaviors
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.137-142
  • Keywords: Child, children's eating behavior, Obesity, Parental feeding style
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: No


In is important to determine the factors that affect obesity in childhood, in order to raise generations of healthy children. This study aims to determine the effect of primary school students' eating behaviors and parental feeding styles on obesity in childhood. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with 1201 children and their parents between September 2014 and March 2015. The data were collected using the socio-demographic data collection form for children and parents, the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire and the Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire. The data were analyzed using percentage calculators, mean, Spearman's correlation analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Of the children, 16.9% were found to be obese. Three models were created considering the relationships between the variables in this study and the occurrence of obesity. In the first model, the factors that affect childhood obesity were found to be enjoyment of food, emotional overeating, food responsiveness, satiety responsiveness and food fussiness. In the second model, the factors were prompting/encouragement and control over eating. Enjoyment of food, emotional overeating, food responsiveness, satiety responsiveness, emotional feeding and food fussiness were also found to be the factors in the third model (p < 0.05). This study showed that children's eating behaviors and parental feeding style affect the occurrence of obesity in childhood.