Improvement of structural and superconducting properties of Bi-2212 textured rods by substituting sodium

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NANE O., ÖZÇELİK B., Amaveda H., Sotelo A., Madre M.

Ceramics International, vol.42, no.7, pp.8473-8477, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.02.068
  • Journal Name: Ceramics International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8473-8477
  • Keywords: Bi-2212, C. Superconductivity, Critical current density, Laser floating zone technique, Sodium substitution
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, the physical and superconducting properties of Bi2Sr2Ca1-xNaxCu2O8+δ with x=0.0, 0.05, 0.075, 0.1, and 0.20 textured superconducting fiber rods prepared by a laser floating zone (LFZ) technique were studied. The effects of Na+1 substitution for Ca2+ have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transport measurements, dc-magnetization, magnetic hysteresis and magnetic critical current density. The powder XRD patterns of samples have indicated that Bi-2212 phase is the major one, independently of Na content. The best critical temperature, TC, has been found as 93.3 K from M-T data for the sample with 0.075 Na substitution. The maximum magnetic JC value has been calculated as 1.35×105 A/cm2 at 10 K for the 0.10 Na sample. The maximum transport critical current density has directly been measured as 1.3×103 A/cm2 at 77 K for the 0.05Na sample.