Does export product quality matter for CO2 emissions? Evidence from China

Creative Commons License

Gozgor G., Can M.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.24, no.3, pp.2866-2875, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-016-8070-6
  • Journal Name: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2866-2875
  • Keywords: ARDL estimations, Chinese economy, EKC hypothesis, Export quality, Structural breaks
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


This paper re-estimates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) in China. To this end, it uses the unit root tests with structural breaks and the autoregressive-distributed lag (ARDL) estimations over the period 1971–2010. The special role is given to the impact of export product quality on CO2 emissions in the empirical models. The paper finds that the EKC hypothesis is applicable in China. It also observes the positive effect from energy consumption to CO2 emissions. In addition, it finds that the export product quality is negatively associated with CO2 emissions. The paper also argues potential implications.