The Analysing of Hans Fallada's Novel Every Man Dies Alone in the Context of Literary Sociology Hans Fallada'nin Herkes Tek Baina Ölür Romanin Edebiyat Sosyolojisi Balaminda ncelenmesi

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Studien zur Deutschen Sprache und Literatur, vol.0, no.46, pp.73-99, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 0 Issue: 46
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/sdsl2021-886706
  • Journal Name: Studien zur Deutschen Sprache und Literatur
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.73-99
  • Keywords: Analysing of the novel, German literature, Hans fallada, Literary sociology, National socialism
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


World War II and Hitler have brought severe consequences for many countries, as well as for Germany which started the war. The tragedy of the German people was often overshadowed by Hitler. The experienced economic crisis, the totalitarian regime of Hitler who came to power by election, and the outbreak of World War II dragged humanity into depression. The aim of the study is to examine Fallada's novel Every Man Dies Alone by considering the historical, social and economic conditions in Germany during World War II. Concordantly, literary sociology has been chosen as the method to deal with the novel. The economic, psychological, and sociological conditions of people in wartime Germany were analysed in the study. In his novel, Fallada discussed the lives of little men, their struggles and rebellion against the order, as well as the deceivers, the corrupt people, the partisans, the non-partisans, the oppressed, and those who tried to kowtow to the system. By doing so, he brought social criticism to the period and examined people's attitudes from different aspects using sarcastic language. In his novel, he portrayed the miseries, oppression, and the people who were subjected to disidentification and Nazification in Germany during the Second World War in accordance with the conditions of the period. The novel depicted the fight against the Nazi regime of a couple living in Berlin in the 1940s after their son's death at war. Even though this couple aimed and struggled to raise awareness, their efforts failed because people were afraid to respond to their efforts as they were restrained by Nazi rule. This fear and oppression caused people to become alienated from themselves and remain silent, and therefore the guilty went unpunished.