Examining of preparatory and first-year students’ online learning readiness and presence in English language courses

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Keskin F., Küçük S.

Journal of Educational Technology and Online Learning, vol.7, no.1, pp.17-33, 2024 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


This study aims to investigate university students' readiness and presence towards online teaching in the context of various variables. The study is designed as survey research, one of the quantitative models. The sample of the study consists of 318 preparatory and first-year university students studying at a university in the Eastern Anatolian Region of Turkey. The data were obtained using the "Readiness for Online Learning Scale" and "The Community of Inquiry Model " scale. Descriptive statistics and inferential were used in the analysis of the data. As a result of the study, it was revealed that university students' readiness levels for online learning and their social, cognitive and teaching presence were high. In addition, it was determined that university students' readiness levels and perceptions of presence differ statistically according to age, gender, education level, monthly income of the family and connection device. The implications were discussed in terms of theoretical insights and administration for online learning.