Optimization of T5 heat treatment in high pressure die casting of Al–Si–Mg–Mn alloys by using an improved Kampmann-Wagner numerical (KWN) model

Zhang J., ÇİNKILIÇ E., Huang X., Wang G. G., Liu Y. (., Weiler J., ...More

Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol.865, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 865
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.msea.2023.144604
  • Journal Name: Materials Science and Engineering: A
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Aluminum alloys, Die casting, Heat treatment, KWN model, Mechanical properties, Property map
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


The increased use of lightweight aluminum die castings in the automotive industry leads to new die casting alloys and their heat treatment processes to meet performance requirements. In this paper, an integrated precipitation and strengthening framework based on an improved Kampmann-Wagner numerical (KWN) model was developed to predict the hardness and yield strength (YS) of high pressure die casting (HPDC) Al–11Si-xMg (x = 0.3 and 0.6) alloys during T5 aging (artificial aging after casting) process. The hardness and YS of the alloys were measured and compared with the predication results, for T5 treatment at 190 °C, 210 °C, 225 °C and 240 °C, respectively. The increased Mg content (from 0.3 to 0.6%) leads to the formation of Mg2Si phase during solidification, which effectively increases the hardness and YS in as-cast conditions. Also, the higher Mg content results in increased peak strengths because of higher precipitate density of needle-like Mg5Si6-β″ phase. This improved KWN model showed a good accuracy with experimental results. Mechanical property maps were generated to guide the design and optimization of T5 process window for these two important die casting aluminum alloys.