Modelling of hydrogenotrophic denitrification process in a venturi-integrated membrane bioreactor

GÜL E., Kayaalp N.

Environmental Technology (United Kingdom), vol.45, no.5, pp.945-958, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09593330.2022.2130827
  • Journal Name: Environmental Technology (United Kingdom)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.945-958
  • Keywords: Autotrophic, hydrogenotrophic denitrification, membrane bioreactor, modeling, venturi
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to model a hydrogenotrophic denitrification process in a venturi-integrated submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) system. The MBR was operated in batch mode using feed concentrations of 100 and 150 mg NO3-N/L. In contrast to most of the denitrification process models that represent the mixed culture with one composite biomass parameter, the biomass was subdivided into two main categories in this modelling study: mainly nitrate-reducing biomass and mainly nitrite-reducing biomass. The determination coefficients (r 2) in the range of 0.97–0.99 indicate that the model successfully simulates the concentrations of nitrate- and nitrite-nitrogen in the bioreactor. The maximum specific growth rate of nitrite-reducing biomass (0.06 h−1) was found to be higher than that of nitrate-reducing biomass (0.0002 h−1). Similarly, the growth yield coefficient of nitrite-reducing biomass was higher than that of nitrate-reducing biomass (0.44 vs. 0.31 g biomass/g substrate). The kinetic and stoichiometric coefficients obtained from this modelling study suggest that the limiting step determining the overall conversion rate of hydrogenotrophic denitrification process is the conversion of nitrite to nitrogen gas.