The impact of economic complexity on carbon emissions: evidence from France

Can M., Gozgor G.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol.24, no.19, pp.16364-16370, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-017-9219-7
  • Journal Name: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.16364-16370
  • Keywords: CO2 emissions, Economic complexity, Environmental degradation, France, Time series modeling
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


This paper reanalyzes the determinants of the CO2 emissions in France. For this purpose, it considers the unit root test with two structural breaks and a dynamic ordinary least squares estimation. The paper also considers the effects of the energy consumption and the economic complexity on CO2 emissions. First, it is observed that the EKC hypothesis is valid in France. Second, the positive effect of the energy consumption on CO2 emissions is obtained. Third, it is observed that a higher economic complexity suppresses the level of CO2 emissions in the long run. The findings imply noteworthy environmental policy implications to decrease the level of CO2 emissions in France.