Molecular identification and genetic structure of Aedes phoeniciae (Diptera: Culicidae) in Northern Cyprus and Turkey

Yavasoglu S. I., YILMAZ C., Ulger C., Simsek F. M.

Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, vol.69, pp.6-14, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bse.2016.08.003
  • Journal Name: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.6-14
  • Keywords: Ae. phoeniciae, Ae. zammitii, COI, ITS2, Mariae complex, ND4
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


Aedes mariae, Aedes phoeniciae and Aedes zammitii are three sibling species of the Mariae complex with a limited distribution. All these three species use semi-saline/saline rock pool habitats on the coastal areas of Mediterranean countries. The Eastern coast of the Mediterranean basin, including Turkey and Cyprus coasts, is a unique distribution area for Ae. phoeniciae. This study was designed to identify three sibling species of the Mariae complex based on molecular markers and also to determine the distribution pattern and genetic structure of the Ae. phoeniciae along the eastern Mediterranean basin. Larval and adult samples of Ae. zammitii and Ae. phoeniciae were collected from different rock pool habitats along the coastal regions of Turkey and Northern Cyprus. Species identifications were done primarily based on morphological identification key. Identifications were supported by using mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I (COI) and nuclear DNA Internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequences. Population genetic analyses of Ae. phoeniciae were implemented based on NADH dehydrogenase 4 (ND4) sequence and 17 haplotypes were detected in the study area. Analyses of molecular variance (AMOVA) determined that the majority of the variation was within the populations (60.15 %) while variation between groups was 30.68 % and the variation within groups was 9.17 %, indicating low genetic structuring among groups.