The phenolic profile and biological activities of the wild-edible mushrooms Helvella leucopus and Morchella pulchella

Acar İ., Blando F., Gul B., Greco A., MÜKEMRE M., Uzun Y., ...More

Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, vol.15, no.1, pp.555-566, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11694-020-00654-3
  • Journal Name: Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.555-566
  • Keywords: Antioxidant, Enzyme inhibition, Helvella leucopus, Morchella pulchella, Phenolics
  • Hakkari University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract: Morchella pulchella Clowez & Franç. Petit. and Helvella leucopus Pers. are among the most utilized naturally grown wild-edible mushroom species in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. This study focused on revealing their phenolic profiles using high performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS), antioxidant (hydrogen atom and single electron-transfer mechanisms), and enzyme inhibition (acetylcholinesterase, amylase, glucosidase, and lipase) activities of lyophilized sequential (n-hexane, ethanol, methanol, and water, respectively) extracts and traditional preparations (infusion and decoction) obtained from the fruiting bodies of these mycomaterials. Our chromatographic studies revealed that M. pulchella extracts are dominated by caffeic acid, while H. leucopus extracts contained significant levels of protocatechuic acid as a major biologically active compound (excluding n-hexane fractions). The most active antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory extracts were from ethanol (or methanol) in M. pulchella and water (or infusion) in H. leucopus. Data obtained from our study showed that hydrophilic extracts of M. pulchella and H. leucopus were significant sources of antioxidants and enzyme inhibition activities and that they might be used as raw materials in the food, nutraceutical, biotherapeutic and pharmaceutical industries. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].